Following recent trends in the neurosciences in which the body is seen as a constituting factor in mental experience and behavior, this thesis examined the role of testosterone in mapping the state of the body.
Western Cape Doctoral School
Western Cape Doctoral School
Background: Adolescent hookah pipe use is a public health concern because it poses several health, environmental, and economic risks. Self-determination theory (SDT) posits that people are motivated to engage in certain behaviours in an attempt to satisfy their basic psychological needs (BPN). Aim: This study aimed to design an intervention to reduce adolescent hookah pipe use and satisfy their BPN.
Museums and the construction of race ideologies: The case of natural history and ethnographic Museums in South Africa
This enquiry investigates the entanglement of the Natural History and Ethnographic museums in the construction of racist ideologies, the perpetuation of colonial reasoning and its continuities in South Africa today. It draws our attention to the fact that the museological institution was complicit and colluded in the perpetuation of colonial “crimes against humanity”, thereby rendering its own institutionality a colonial “crime scene” that requires rigorous “de-colonial” investigation in the “post-colonial” era.
The Tyranny of Timespace Examining the timetable of schooling activities as the interface between policy and everyday rhythms
This thesis seeks to understand the role of school timetables as an interface between policies that regulate or distribute forms of capital to schools, and their teaching and learning rhythms. By doing so, it proposes a mechanism for examining the reproduction of schooling practices, and how these are grounded in policy-regulated materiality.
An investigation of the relationship between mental health and recidivism among incarcerated youth offenders in South Africa: The role of substance use
Theoretical models of crime underlying the deterrent approach to crime control often fail to account for the role of mental health in mediating deviance. Nor does this approach account for the role of system responses, unique to a post-apartheid context. There is paucity in the literature on the role of mental health on recidivism in South Africa. This study was therefore designed to determine the relationship between mental health and recidivism among incarcerated youth offenders in South Africa and the role of substance use.
Psychological Strengths Mediating the Stress-Coping Experience: Implications for Mental Health in School-Going Adolescents from Low-Income Communities of the Cape Metropole
South African research has paid scant attention to the role of psychological strengths in coping with stress and the impact these have on the overall mental health of adolescents living low-income communities. However, an understanding of the role of psychological strengths in mediating the impact of stress on the mental health of adolescents is necessary as it could indicate those factors that may be pivotal to interventions targeting mental-health promotion and mental-illness prevention for vulnerable adolescents.
Understanding father involvement in the education of Learners with intellectual disabilities in a special school in Kenya: A case study
There are known benefits of father involvement in a child’s life, such as positively affecting the child’s life prospects, academic achievement, physical and emotional health as well as linguistic, literary and cognitive development. In African settings, fathers are traditionally the heads of families and the main decision makers in matters like the education of their children.
A Critical Re-Appraisal of Vernacularisation in the Emergence and Conceptualisation of Community Bylaws on Child Marriage and Other Harmful Practices in Rural Malawi
The thesis addresses the question: how have international human rights norms for protecting women and girls from harmful practices influenced and shaped the emergence and conceptualisation of community bylaws for addressing child marriage and other harmful practices affecting women in rural Malawi?
This ethnographic study is concerned with examining how communities in Chauma of Dedza district in Malawi construct “girls’ readiness for marriage” as the immediate lens through which child marriage can be understood. The social label of girls’ readiness for marriage refers to the complex constructions of notions of girlhood and girls’ sexuality, conscious and subconscious, that define the maturity of girls to enter marital arrangements.
"Orphan artefacts": Investigating the relevance of classical artefacts in the Iziko collection, Cape Town
Since 1998 a collection of 238 classical antiquities, many of which were previously on display for over a century, has been in storage in the Iziko Social History Centre in Cape Town, South Africa. These artefacts are of a low priority for display in the museum and the skills necessary to conserve them are at present unavailable to the museum staff.